Genuine inquiry . Maybe I am not experienced enough with the various federated platforms but I am an avid user of matrix, and have dabbled in lemmy. From what I have seen is federation is on the path to decentralization but not fully there. It creates fiefdom, little kingdoms . Great yes you may find one that suites you better, but users now can end up isolated to their island, switch island sure but now you are isolated for the previous island and maybe others. Its stupid. On matrix you need to know the other island(server) to even find its rooms(communities). Some rooms block users from one server while others block users of other servers. You either have to run multiple accounts or accept the limits. Add in you are at the mercy of your home server, you can lose your account have it immitated, and more. The performance is horrible not sure why, but content is slow to update and spread. Matrix has the problem because of its design most people are on the matrix.org server and so the point of federation is largely lost. They are moving to p2p where it seems the solutions for federation now dont apply.

Anyway why is federation not stupid? Are these problems only with Matrix? Cause I look at lemmy and it seems far worse.

  • Lemdee
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    6011 months ago

    Federation is stupid

    So don’t use it.

    convince me otherwise.

    • @YellowtoOrange@lemmy.world
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      11 months ago

      Perhaps it’s one of those self selecting things in life - if people bitch and complain and are those sorts of people that don’t want to research into a topic enough or are generally negative and will complain about everything, then they shouldn’t use Lemmy, and this would lead to Lemmy with the best people.

      Win-win.

      Well, win for us. They can stick to Reddit and threads.

  • @nutomic@lemmy.ml
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    573 years ago

    Instance blocking and user blocking are features, not problems. Most users want to block trolls for example. If you dont like that, you can make your own instance without, or just go back to commercial social media. The rest of your rant seems exclusively to Matrix, not Lemmy. I think you should spend more time here (or on another instance) before you really judge it.

    • @lemm1ngs@lemmy.mlOP
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      53 years ago

      You are correct I need to spend more time here.

      Realistically most people are not going to run an instance . Blocking does become a problem when you dont run an instance because most do some blocking or are blocked. Even if you run an instance at some point for any reason it could also be blocked.

      Yes my rant is not solely targeted at lemmy put mainly Matrix because that is what I use. I should probably look more at mastodon and some others too. Federation has a lot of spins on the technology.

      Its nice that you still get involved with users here, the matrix devs are also quite easy talk to. Have you considered how lemmy might intergate with other federations? I did mention in another post someone was developing forums on matrix. Hummingbard I think its called. I have wondered if chat and forum could be combined in an interesting way, such that they could both possibly flow together but be seperated by alternate uis or view modes. On matrix often discussions can take a forum type format and style with conversations having days or many hours between replies. It would be great if those could end up in more permanent threads.

      It may be worth reaching out to matrix and element and seeing if some crossover can occur or even intergration. Their $30million and german health sector selection is a lot of potential dev work to be done.

      Thanks nutomic!

      • @nutomic@lemmy.ml
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        I think instance blocking is pretty transparent, you can see the list of allowed and blocked instances under /instances. If admins do something you dont like, thats when you choose another instance.

        Its funny that you mention how i “still get involved with users here”, because Lemmy is still really small when you compare it to Matrix or Mastodon (16k total users, less than 1k active in the last month).

        Matrix uses a completely different protocol, so I dont think federation with them is realistic. And we definitely have enough work to do on Lemmy itself. But it might be possible to write a chat app using activitypub, or even as a Lemmy frontend as described in this post.

        • @lemm1ngs@lemmy.mlOP
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          3 years ago

          I am not arguing its not transparent just its not ideal. I think matrix users are way over stated.

          Thanks

  • r3d_f0x
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    303 years ago

    Federation is critical to the development of alternative social networks. The reason people use specific social networks is because other people are on them. If there’s an open source social network app that isn’t federated, then everyone using sites powered by that app is isolated. With federation, all instances of the social network can interact with each other. Different instances can pop in and out of existence and the ones that stick around can become popular.

    It’s better for new social networks to be federated then isolated.

  • frozen
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    2511 months ago

    Replace “federation” with “email”.

    Still stupid?

    • @Mountaineer@lemmy.world
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      1511 months ago

      I want to be clear, that I disagree with his “federation is stupid” point, but email has problems right now.

      Theoretically it’s federated, theoretically you can spin up your own mail server and self host.

      But even if you do that absolutely perfectly (SPF, DKIM, DMARC etc), you can falsely end up on spam list, that effectively block delivery of your email to large segments of the network for days if not weeks.

      Whilst theoretically federated, email falls under the broad dominion of google, microsoft and a couple of other large players.

      • @IowaMan@lemmy.world
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        911 months ago

        As a cybersecurity pro who primarily deals with email security right now (in the sense that there is basically none)

        STOP

        CLICKING

        LINKS

        • @Mountaineer@lemmy.world
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          611 months ago

          I mean yes, but that’s not a federation problem.

          To completely strawman AND slippery slope what you’re saying:

          As a car safety pro, who primarily deals with car crashes:

          STOP

          TOWING

          TRAILERS

          Agreed, dangerous, I don’t want numpties doing it.
          But it’s a large part of why I have a car.

    • @lemm1ngs@lemmy.mlOP
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      73 years ago

      Thanks for your excellent response. I find it a bit contradictory you assert federations is not to get stuck in echo chambers but also to make little groups. Not that I am against either. For me federation is more about censorship resistance. To that end I think of regimes that shut down the internet or block things like whatsapp or even signal when the ‘citizenry’ become an organized problem. Which is why things like the matrix p2p effort is important to me. Devices that can self organize into a continually changing platform is very powerful. I also see in federation control of data but that is less important for me than censorship resistance.

      There must be many ways this can all be done, discoverability shouldn’t be a problem.

      I know some are trying to build forums on matrix. I wonder if the lemmy devs have considered intergrating with matrix. Matrix seems to be on an exponential curve now with their 30million investment and the german health system selecting them

    • @Ferk@lemmy.ml
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      But the point of Instances and federation is not about engagement and discoverability. It’s about making intimate communities, unique to their own. Like clubs. The objective is to make connections/friendship with people, focusing on your own interests and objectves

      Isn’t that already possible without federation? I don’t understand the purpose of having the servers federate if having intimate communities were really the point.

      You can even use something like OpenId to have consistent user authentication across different servers without the need of each server having to federate among themselves. They’ll still be intimate communities that anyone can host and each user would still only need one OpenId account to access them all.

      To me the point of decentralization is the openness of the protocol that allows me to access content as I choose. Ideally, I should be able to host my own instance without creating any community or inviting anyone else, yet still be able to federate with other instances to consume the content through my own interface and cache it (so that, for example, I can access to it from my intranet even if I go offline, or the other server goes offline). Ultimatelly, if enough people did that then it starts to become closer to a P2P network. I think it wouldn’t be a bad idea to go for a hybrid model were you can have peer nodes and dedicated servers at the same time, which is what I believe Matrix is going for.

        • @Ferk@lemmy.ml
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          having an openId account, you’d have to open a bunch of different websites to access their communities

          Not necessarily.

          It’s also possible to set up ways to access communities from one place without needing federation. Nowadays you can build webapps that communicate with different servers. In theory you don’t need server-to-server communication (which is what makes it federated), you can have one client communicate with multiple servers.

          An example of this is how in the webapp from Matrix (https://riot.im/app/#/login) you can change the account (or even create an account) for any matrix server (it doesn’t have to be matrix.org) without needing to have different websites for different instances.

          In fact, that model (separating the frontend website from the server) is more flexible in terms of UI than current state in lemmy. I cannot choose to use https://lemmy.ml/login if my account is not @lemmy.ml …I’m forced to use the website of the instance I have an account with, and if I have multiple accounts in different servers I do have to use different websites. Whereas in riot.im/app the website is not even hosting a matrix server and you can use any account you want.

            • @Ferk@lemmy.ml
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              If it uses OpenID accounts for the authentication then nobody really exclusively “belongs” to A or B.

              You can send messages to both server B and server A. Both servers will identify you based on your OpenId identity and it would allow you to post in both servers, without the servers needing to speak between themselves.

              It’s like sending emails to a server and have the server publicly display the messages. You don’t need to be registered in that server, the server just needs to receive your email and if they don’t have your address in a blocklist, show it in the appropriate manner.

              You still can post in both places and people can still connect to those places and see your messages. It’s basically sharing the same account and the same interface across communities hosted in different servers.

              Yes, it’s an alternative to do the same thing. This is why I’m saying you don’t need federation for that goal.

                • @Ferk@lemmy.ml
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                  23 years ago

                  You’ll have alot of wasted info data that cannot be pruned, comparing it to fediverse where federated data can be deleted later. you’d have two copies that can’t be deleted.

                  I don’t understand. Why would you have two copies? In my example there’s no federation. If I send a message to server B it’ll only be in server B. You don’t have to duplicate the data. I expect this would produce actually less duplication than if it was federated, since you don’t need server-to-server caching.

                  No it’s not, I’m saying that you’d have to implement complicated solutions to a problem that federation solves it more simply.

                  It’s actually simpler. Federation requires server-to-server communication.

                  That really sounds like centralization. You don’t get to communicate with other servers then people would rather be in one place where everyone is there

                  You can communicate with both server A and server B, without having to go through the process of creating an account in server A and server B.

                  This is the same way as how you can post in https://<server-A>/c/fediverse and in https://<server-B>/c/fediverse with an account from <server-C>. The only difference is that in this case <server-C> would be an OpenID provider, specialized only in authentication, and not really a content provider.

                  You could apply the same argument of why would people want to use https://<server-B>/c/fediverse if everyone is using https://<server-A>/c/fediverse

      • @nutomic@lemmy.ml
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        33 years ago

        To me the point of decentralization is the openness of the protocol that allows me to access content as I choose. Ideally, I should be able to host my own instance without creating any community or inviting anyone else, yet still be able to federate with other instances to consume the content through my own interface and cache it (so that, for example, I can access to it from my intranet even if I go offline, or the other server goes offline). Ultimatelly, if enough people did that then it starts to become closer to a P2P network. I think it wouldn’t be a bad idea to go for a hybrid model were you can have peer nodes and dedicated servers at the same time, which is what I believe Matrix is going for.

        The server needs to be online to receive activities from remote instances, so it should stay online (they will retry sending a few times). The solution is to cache things on the client when it is online. That would actually be pretty simple to implement, because each post, user etc has a specific id. Then you also need to cache anything that your client sends, and transfer it to the server once its available.

        Honestly this solution is better than p2p, as long as your are using the internet and not something like bluetooth.

        • @Ferk@lemmy.ml
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          Sure, but then you need a heavier client. And at that point, why do you even need federation between servers? Just have the client do the work, connect the client to multiple servers instead of having the traffic go server-to-server in federation.

          Imho, this defeats the point of federating.

          Another advantage of hosting your own instance (even without hosting any community) is that then you are the one in control of your identity (same reason why someone might want to host their own email servers). Ideally I should be able to participate in a third party instance without being worried of my entire identity disappearing if that instance disappears, or if the owner of the instance doesn’t like me and wants me removed from his server. I’d much rather just be banned from communication with that instance rather than lose my entire identity in the whole federated network.

          Even the OpenId example I gave that is not using federation is more flexible in this regard. There you really can own your identity and participate in multiple communities without being “owned” by them.

          If that flexibility is taken away, then it’s not very different from not having a federation at all. In Mastodon at least the federation makes sense for threads of toots that are truly cross-server (as in, none of the servers actually owns the entire conversation, or has admin privileges over the other). But in the case of a reddit-like post where communities are owned by a particular instance, I expect the server hosting the OP has authority over what comments are done in that post, or what posts are done in that community. So in the end the control of the conversation is centralized, even if the messages come from other servers. At that point they might as well come directly from the clients.

          • @nutomic@lemmy.ml
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            23 years ago

            You really underestimate how hard it would be to write something like Lemmy as true p2p. You can already connect to multiple servers from Lemmur. And of course you can host your own instance for use with any client, if you are worried about an instance disappearing.

            In Lemmy federation actually makes a lot of difference, for example your instance may not show posts or comments in a remote community if the author’s instance is blocked. Votes are also not counted from blocked instances.

            • @Ferk@lemmy.ml
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              You can already connect to multiple servers from Lemmur.

              But that’s using separate identities, right?

              I wasn’t comparing it to p2p. And I agree p2p is hard. What I was talking about is using something similar to OpenID to abstract the authentication and share an identity across servers. Then each server can have whatever forms of moderation they prefer. The servers would use standardized APIs for the client and identity server, so users can use any compatible client and any compatible identity provider (OpenID style).

              • @nutomic@lemmy.ml
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                33 years ago

                Sorry, I still had another comment by @lemm1ings in mind and didnt notice that you’re a different user.

                The main point of federation is that you dont need multiple accounts on different instances. Instead you can communicate with people on different instances from a single account. I am not familiar with openid, but if someone else wants to implement that in lemmy, we would probably accept it.

    • @TheAnonymouseJoker@lemmy.ml
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      33 years ago

      What do you think about XMPP? Tell me if I am wrong, but most leftist (I am socialist) people often seem to favour Matrix over XMPP, which confuses me.

      I use both XMPP and Matrix, Mastodon usage is low because I shunned my previous identity and have none currently, Lemmy is something I use a lot.

        • @TheAnonymouseJoker@lemmy.ml
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          43 years ago

          lel you knew where I was going with it

          Privacy actually is something the closeted conservatives are gung-ho about compared to other people, and the whole phenomenon of decentralised socialist internet being pursued by right wingers fascinates me a lot. This is not me dividing people into groups, but a general discourse I have observed over many years of using clearnet, the different IM protocols and the Tor and I2P darknets.

          Matrix enjoys its popularity because of one reason, being centralised with matrix.org server, which is ironic since Matrix advertises itself as highly federated. It shows us in a way that the world is not ready for decentralisation, and it will always act as an obstacle compared to a default centralised communication medium. This is something I really want to push through as a debate among people, Moxie has been pushing hard on Signal staying centralised as well (not considering Moxie as merit worthy, but Signal being merit worthy compared to WhatsApp and the like).

            • poVoq
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              I recently tried Conduit.rs and was pleasantly surprised and would recommend it over Dendrite. Although the fundamental problem of ever increasing database storage space with the Matrix protocol remains a problem there too.

              As for (some) right-wingers being self-destructive… that is easy to explain: there is no (in their eyes) trustworthy leftish political project that is not going to evolve in administrative over-reach and high mandatory expenses. This is actually a mostly correct observation, as the majority of people involved in leftist politics are intrinsically self-interested to push for such a society. But if you want be able to make your own decisions (even if they harm yourself) and not be reduced to some sort of wage-slave due to well-meaning but mandatory fees/taxes for insurances and social services, then the right wing parties seem like the better choice.

              Ultimately that is of course a wrong choice as the big-business driven right-wing parties are intrinsically self-interested to push for an economically oppressive system where in theory you have more self-agency but in reality most people end up so poor that they can’t exercise this freedom.

              Therefore I think most of these right-wingers would be quite ok with an Anarchist society, but it is a hard sell as it completely goes against their political instincts.

            • @TheAnonymouseJoker@lemmy.ml
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              43 years ago

              Poor people, backfire theory working against them and they will not listen even if told to self critique. Self critique ability is what made me accept socialism so deeply, I feel.

              matrix.org is becoming massive, and the costs keep piling. I personally think there should be a list of servers to choose from, where Matrix officially allows and manages distribution of users to make for easy federation, lowered load per server and lowered latency and load issues for client end.

              Although this is not exactly done by XMPP either, which they should IMHO, what does exist are server lists by 404 city or snopyta. Servers in that case should also be made to fulfill strict compatibility and feature support equirements.

                • @TheAnonymouseJoker@lemmy.ml
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                  33 years ago

                  Too many FOSS projects suffer from this problem of a gatekeeping design for newcomers. This also flows into UX. When you try to solve these problems, those people crawl out of the woodwork claiming “security/features > some <slur> UX change”. When UX does not improve, they would sit silently and blame it on people not finding things easy, and tell them to git gud.

                  Lemmy and Mastodon are growing massively, and so is Matrix, proving an easy UI and easy signup allows platforms to get accepted well by masses. XMPP is here since 2 decades, I use it daily and I am in a bunch of groups, and I see problems all over the place.

              • @lemm1ngs@lemmy.mlOP
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                13 years ago

                or Matrix could just solve p2p really well. The matrix.org situation has been mentioned by the p2p dev as motivation for p2p. The side benefit is matrix p2p solutions should work for other projects.

            • @ishigami_san@lemmy.ml
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              23 years ago

              Anyway. hopefully the dendrite server can solve this problem, hosting that hog of server is costly.

              Lately Synapse has been pretty light on resources, and performant, and being actively developed reference implementation has its perks. Hopefully Dendrite, Conduit, et. al. will catch up, but Matrix in general is not as lightweight as XMPP, due to former’s focus on being able to evade censorship

                • @ishigami_san@lemmy.ml
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                  23 years ago

                  With user joined to ~30 rooms with ~200 users (average), and none of them is of the order of Matrix HQ, following is the ps aux output (sixth column is RSS, physical memory in use in KiBs) on a 4G RAM VPS (2 cores), which also hosts XMPP, gitea, fossil-scm, et. al. services. I used to run it all by itself on 2G RAM VPS, but consolidated ~2 months ago:

                  postgres 29897   0.0  3.7  191284 153736  -  Ss    2Jul21     28:15.26 postgres: synapse synapse 127.0.0.1(5828)  (postgres)
                  postgres 37308   0.0  3.7  191284 153264  -  Ss    2Jul21     27:54.09 postgres: synapse synapse 127.0.0.1(16807)  (postgres)
                  synapse  45418   0.0  9.0 1246748 375220  -  Ss    2Jul21   2264:01.80 /usr/local/bin/python3.8 -m synapse.app.homeserver --daemonize -c /usr/local/etc/matrix-synapse/homeserver.yaml
                  postgres 45433   0.0  3.7  191284 153096  -  Ss    2Jul21     28:21.45 postgres: synapse synapse 127.0.0.1(12404)  (postgres)
                  postgres 46529   0.0  3.7  191284 153644  -  Ss    2Jul21     28:06.31 postgres: synapse synapse 127.0.0.1(31560)  (postgres)
                  postgres 47450   0.0  3.7  191284 153972  -  Ss    2Jul21     28:16.65 postgres: synapse synapse 127.0.0.1(30342)  (postgres)
                  postgres 47929   0.0  3.7  191284 152948  -  Ss    2Jul21     28:20.01 postgres: synapse synapse 127.0.0.1(8337)  (postgres)
                  postgres 48024   0.0  3.7  196404 153296  -  Ss    2Jul21     28:22.18 postgres: synapse synapse 127.0.0.1(43996)  (postgres)
                  postgres 54977   0.0  3.7  191284 153656  -  Ss    2Jul21     28:16.74 postgres: synapse synapse 127.0.0.1(8192)  (postgres)
                  postgres 55034   0.0  3.7  191284 153468  -  Ss    2Jul21     28:20.01 postgres: synapse synapse 127.0.0.1(48984)  (postgres)
                  postgres 74852   0.0  3.7  191284 153328  -  Ss    2Jul21     28:10.76 postgres: synapse synapse 127.0.0.1(44007)  (postgres)
                  

                  Disk Usage (media) is 1.6G, and load average is ~0.33

                  It can be tuned further, but didn’t spend time on it so far. Although 2 years ago, I could not run it on 2G RAM VPS. Federation traffic kept DoSing the server, once you join any room. Lately, situation has improved a lot.

                • @ishigami_san@lemmy.ml
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                  13 years ago

                  The room does not live on one server in particular. So, if server A is blocked, then one can still participate in the same room through a different server B.

          • @lemm1ngs@lemmy.mlOP
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            13 years ago

            Signal’s centralization is a huge weak point proven with the servers crash a while back.

            Wanting decentralized tech is more a libertarian vs authoritarian thing than left and right. I really dont want to pull politic politics into this though cause the tech politics alone is enough :-)

            • @TheAnonymouseJoker@lemmy.ml
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              That is fine, I just like to present my unique POV that is not toxic. Shower thoughts, if you will.

              Centralisation definitely is a weak point, considering how Pegasus works.

                • @TheAnonymouseJoker@lemmy.ml
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                  03 years ago

                  It compromises using either SMS phishing links you click on, or zero days in common apps/software. It is easier to hack someone with zero days in centralised common software, which is why a WhatsApp missed voice call could get you pwned.

  • @WhoRoger@lemmy.world
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    2011 months ago

    Federation is the most natural form of human society. We’ve developed to exist in small communities of a couple dozen people. Some groups talk to each other, some don’t, and every one has its own identity. Sometimes a member leaves and gets assimilated into another group.

    Existing in large communities with thousands and millions of members - other species do that, like ants.

    Ok weird analogy, but I think that’s the gist of it really.

    Uniform places like Facebook, with one queen/master, perfectly organised, never really seeing outside, being just a cog - that’s a life of an ant.

    Small, agile communities, sometimes a bit messy and complex, especially when it comes to outside interactions - we can handle that, because of our huge human brains.

    It’s time for moving away from being ants back to being humans.

  • @Ferk@lemmy.ml
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    It’s definitely not stupid. P2P does have its own set problems and inefficiencies that don’t exist in federated servers.

    Also, the separation in “fiefdoms” is not necesarily a trait implicit in the federation. Email is federated and I don’t think people using Gmail feel like it’s an isolated island separated from those using Hotmail.

    Having to synchronize state across peers in a P2P network can be troublesome and has limitations, specially in groups with very few peers that might not be simultaneously online at the same time and/or have limited bandwidth (if you think content in federated Matrix is slow to spread, then don’t be surprised if it’s even worse in a situation like that were it be P2P).

    I think you can find arguments for both methods and it just depends on what are your requirements. I think a hybrid model of federated servers and peer nodes where you can choose whether you want your community on a dedicated server or in your own peer node (that’s what I hope Matrix is doing) would be more flexible and preferable than just going full p2p or full federated. But neither of them are “stupid”.

    • smallcircles
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      P2P does have its own set problems and inefficiencies that don’t exist in federated servers. […] I think a hybrid model of federated servers and peer nodes […]

      Indeed, I too think that eventually we’ll move to a model of hybrid decentralization, where both federation between servers/apps and P2P devices are intermixed. Both types of decentralization have their pros and cons and this allows a “best of both worlds” scenario.

      I think a hybrid model of federated servers and peer nodes

    • @lemm1ngs@lemmy.mlOP
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      23 years ago

      Yes email is an interesting point, but aren’t many mail servers blocked for spam? or many automatically filtered into trash for spam? Mind you so many run their own domains for companies it cant be possible that only a few domains are whitelisted? I am not sure how gmail and others go about blocking for spam but it would have to have a reporting theshold type situation.

      I think as federation expands feifdom should be less of an issue but then look at the split in mastodon with gab.

      The other thing to think about email is it is user to user messaging, private with laws protecting it. I am not concerned with being blocked or censored in the modern messaging platforms for this because they use e2ee and cannot discern any of the communications. You are still at the mercy of the network you are on and hence p2p helps with that, depending on hardware how much though. Wouldn’t it be great if we could use the cell hardware in phones to mesh? Thats nuclear world ended or revolution type tech.

      I think matrix p2p will have to take a multi type node approach, with them beginning the existing home servers will just act as peers but imagine more will have to be done. Yes propogation will be slow but the tech is quite new so will have to see where it can go. I imagine nodes can adapt or be set to provide more based on resources available much like torrents can. Like a hydrid approach but more dynamic.

      • @Ferk@lemmy.ml
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        Yes email is an interesting point, but aren’t many mail servers blocked for spam?

        Aren’t there blocklists in many p2p networks? I know in bittorrent there are. I’m ok with blacklisting (which I expect even gmail does, like you are hinting), as long as it’s non-intrusive enough to not be detrimental.

        My point is that it’s not federation what’s the cause of the “fiefdom” syndrome, the behavior of the p2p-swarms/federated-group is. In theory you could have the same problem in p2p network if a majority of peer nodes applied whitelisting. Each whitelist (and whitelist sharing could be a thing, much like blacklists in bittorrent are, so each community could all share the same source for its whitelist) would be its own “fiefdom”. This would kind of defeat the purpose of the openness of p2p in the same way as whitelisting in federation kind of defeats the purpose of an open federation. What causes the “fiefdom” isn’t federation itself, but the protective philosophy.

        On the other hand, I can also understand that protectiveness is needed when we deal with hosting content that’s not private anymore but it’s open to the public. When hosting publicly you become responsible of the content you are publishing, even when someone else wrote it. If, for example, a country wants to ban a community that shares illegal content, then they might take action against whoever is hosting that content, whether the content is hosted in a federated dedicated server or in a personal p2p node, that’s no different. They can prosecute you either way… same way as many countries prosecute p2p bittorrent sharing for copyrighted works. So ultimately you do need some form of moderation so that you don’t end up hosting content you don’t want to be involved with as “partner in crime”.

        I imagine nodes can adapt or be set to provide more based on resources available much like torrents can. Like a hydrid approach but more dynamic.

        Yes, that’s what I was saying. I’d prefer a hybrid model where you actually have both dedicated servers and user nodes. Torrents have problems when there’s not enough peers, there’s a lot of dead torrents out there showing this.

        • @lemm1ngs@lemmy.mlOP
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          23 years ago

          Aren’t there blocklists in many p2p networks? I know in bittorrent there are.

          Block lists with torrents were used to try prevent legal implication and a few other reasons all which are largely useless because peers on blocklists can just move to nonblocked ips, especially peers with resources looking to gather evidence.

          My point is that it’s not federation what’s the cause of the “fiefdom” syndrome

          I disagree but it is a point worth exploring. Thinking what would be the cause likely is that the federated instances exert control over the content rather than just storing and relaying it to the users to deal with.

          In theory you could have the same problem in p2p network if a majority of peer nodes applied whitelisting.

          Yes you could but it still depends how the content is distributed, peers on the white list could act as relays to those not on the white list. This would risk them being removed but when dealing with so many peers I just dont see lists like that working to segment the network too much. They may as well fork. The desire to remain connected to the larger network will be too much for most users. You could also have underlying blockchains or hash tables that make forking the network not very promising.

          When hosting publicly you become responsible of the content

          Section 230 and the dmca should still apply, enforcing becomes much harder with p2p but so does defending I think the legal system does make having free speech an interesting problem inspite that the constitution says it should be possible. I think having speech government and companies and many others don’t want is part of the plan for these networks. There is a great many authorities not happy at the freedoms the internet has allowed.

          Torrents have problems when there’s not enough peers, there’s a lot of dead torrents out there showing this.

          Yes but I think keeping the text part of these platforms alive should be much easier. Torrent only needs 1 peer(seed) with a full copy, a social network can easily have 50000 users which is a lot of resistance and redundancy.

          • @Ferk@lemmy.ml
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            Block lists with torrents were used to try prevent legal implication and a few other reasons all which are largely useless because peers on blocklists can just move to nonblocked ips, especially peers with resources looking to gather evidence.

            Same can be applied to federated blocklists. You can just move a server to a nonblocked IP. The only way to truely block content is to use whitelists instead of blocklists.

            Yes you could but it still depends how the content is distributed, peers on the white list could act as relays to those not on the white list.

            Same could be applied to federated servers then. Servers on the whitelist could act as relays to those not on the whitelist.

            Section 230 and the dmca should still apply, enforcing becomes much harder with p2p but so does defending I think the legal system does make having free speech an interesting problem inspite that the constitution says it should be possible.

            This all depends on the country. I know first hand of cases where letters have been sent to particulars in P2P networks and have been called to court.

            a social network can easily have 50000 users which is a lot of resistance and redundancy

            This is why I’m saying it depends on the case. Those big communities maybe don’t need a dedicated server, but that might not always be the case. I might want to make a private community for my family or a small circle of friends. Much like how I might want to have a Matrix room with a few people that might only come online one at a time.

            • @lemm1ngs@lemmy.mlOP
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              33 years ago

              Good points you make, whitelisting is powerful that way making closed communities. I wonder if lemmy will ever have encrypted communities?

              Funny I just watched you make 2 edits while I was reading which impressed me with lemmy’s update speed. Its making matrix look slow.

              Yes use case is important I think adding features and choice and letting users work it out is a good path. Something good would be serverless communities, matrix needs that for some rooms especially with p2p.

  • poVoq
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    93 years ago

    The slow-ness is definitely a Matrix problem only, other federated systems are in fact often faster then centralized systems as they can distribute the network load more evenly. Try XMPP and see how fast it is :)

    • @lemm1ngs@lemmy.mlOP
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      23 years ago

      I will try xmpp. Matrix is horrible, pics and vids take forever, chat can seem to lag for 10minutes at times! You would think it could be fast, like just distribute the content but its not and I think the servers are overloaded hence p2p is needed

  • @dgwd@lemmy.world
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    I think a lot of these criticisms are pretty fair in terms of user experience, but I’m more optimistic about federated services.

    On matrix you need to know the other server to even find its communities

    Can you think of a good alternative that doesn’t fall victim to the issues of centralization? e.g. All communities are registered with a community index – but doesn’t that community index have a responsibility to hide hateful communities?

    (I think distributed, curated community lists could work here – which could be a feature where you can see the communities / rooms / magazines another user is publically subscribed to.)

    little kingdoms

    I think this is a real concern, more than people are giving you credit. I lost my vlemmy.net account this week – it’s unclear if the admins could have prevented this (I bet I would do a worse job!), but it’s a situation of bad stewardship / “lordship” :) There is also the issue of political defederation.

    I think the answer here is self-hosting, which I think solves all the issues you mention (let me know if I’m wrong). Self-hosting is not free in money, time, or knowledge – the PC side of me wants to say that this makes it not a viable solution for people in need. But another side of me thinks that - at some point - there is a cost to using a service that needs to be paid: either pay in self-hosting, or pay by serfdom.

    performance is horrible

    Can you be specific? I know Matrix folks are working on sliding sync to manage some big performance issues. https://github.com/matrix-org/matrix-spec-proposals/pull/3575

    I think performance will never be 1:1 to a VC-funded, centralized tech company, but I don’t think federation inevitably means “horrible” performance (but maybe someone with more technical knowledge can weigh in).

    • @Windex007@lemmy.world
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      711 months ago

      I appreciate an actual insightful answer. I feel like most people speaking for or against federated systems don’t understand what it is they’re even talking about… So an absolute breath of fresh air.

      I’d say the worst thing about the fediverse is people talking about it rabidly but stupidly. The number of posts demanding defederation between instances because of the XSS vulnerability was mind blowing. People with no clue what was going on but only one lever to pull just wanting to pull it. Crazy.

    • @lemm1ngs@lemmy.mlOP
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      43 years ago

      lol I didn’t know its called that but I have seen the meme. Much of human existance seems to be about people trying to prove each other right or wrong.

  • Dessalines
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    83 years ago

    Matrix is overall a spec, not just the main homeserver implementation, synapse. So things like P2P matrix, and lighter homeservers that could work locally are in development. Then you could control your blocklists, as opposed to relying on a server to do that for you.

    IMO the reason matrix specifically is so reliant on a few servers is because:

    • The deployment / installation, even with ansible, is fairly difficult.
    • Synapse is a system hog that pretty much requires a dedicated server.

    These aren’t problems with federation, but the implementation of it. Federation overall is the only thing that has the potential to break the silicon valley fiefdom ( which only doesn’t feel as isolated, because there are so many users there ).

    • @lemm1ngs@lemmy.mlOP
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      13 years ago

      Yes matrix’s new slim dendrite server is being worked on with the intention for it to be used in p2p. I get there is many possible implementations of federation and I am totally down to take on ‘big tech’ it’s just to do that I think you not only need to match them but bring something better and I am not entirely seeing that yet. In fact I am even seeing subpar things like discoverablity, fragmentation, performance, complications like to all the rules and instances.

      • @nutomic@lemmy.ml
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        43 years ago

        In fact I am even seeing subpar things like discoverablity, fragmentation, performance, complications like to all the rules and instances.

        All of these problems would definitely would be worse in a p2p network. In a federated network they are easier to fix.

        • @lemm1ngs@lemmy.mlOP
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          23 years ago

          Which follows the rule that centralization is easier than decentralization, because p2p is more decentralized.

  • @MigratingtoLemmy@lemmy.world
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    711 months ago

    Reddit mods would block you if had subscribed to other communities they didn’t like. People created multiple accounts and still got banned.

    Reddit could block/ban your accounts just as easily as Lemmy mods could.

    Anybody could pull the material you posted on reddit, run an LLM, and imitate you.

    Don’t know about slow, I’m OK waiting a couple of seconds. Don’t see that as a problem, nothing is crashing on my end

  • @ramberry@lemmy.ml
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    63 years ago

    Every system has its advantages and disadvantages. It is the same whether it is centralized, federated, or P2P.

    • @lemm1ngs@lemmy.mlOP
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      3 years ago

      They do and difficulty to implement is one of them and because of that neither federation or p2p has been developed the best yet.

      I am looking forward to the day everyone can just run an app with no specific servers and the platform works, and content is quickly and optimally distributed

  • @variants@possumpat.io
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    211 months ago

    I think the best part of federation is there are no islands, you can make an account on an instance and follow content from the rest of the fediverse, you can even host your own instance just for you and follow everything else